"Christ instituted the sacraments. There are seven: Baptism, confirmation (or Chrismation), the Eucharist, Penance, the Anointing of the Sick, Holy Orders and Matrimony."
"The seven sacraments touch all the stages and all the important moments of Christian life: they give birth and increase healing and mission to the Christian's life of faith. There is thus a resemblance between the stages of natural life and the stages of the spiritual life."
Baptism is the first sacrament of initiation. Through Baptism, we are brought into the Body of Christ and also into official membership in the Catholic Church.
Confirmation is the second sacrament of initiation where Cathoics receive the outpouring of the Holy Spirit as did the apostles at Pentecost.
Eucharist / First Communion is the final sacrament of initiation where one receives the Body and Blood of Christ in sacramental form, the bread and wine consecrated on the altar. This sacred meal is the means by which we participate in the once-for-all sacrifice of Jesus' passion, death and resurrection to glory.
In the sacrament of Penance (Confession, Reconciliation) Catholics confess sins, failures and faults and promise to strive again to conform to Christ. Through this, the process of forgiveness and healing begins.
The Anointing of the Sick is the proper sacrament for those Christians whose health is seriously impaired by sickness or old age. It may be celebrated in the home, hospital or institution, or church.
The sacrament of Matrimony / Marriage "is established by covenant, the irrevocable consent that the spouses freely give to and receive from each other.
The Rite of Christian Initiation of Adults (RCIA) is for unbaptized adults and children of catechetical age who have heard the mystery of Christ proclaimed, who consciously and freely seek the living God and Jesus Christ whom he has sent, and who enter the way of faith and conversion as the Holy Spirit opens their hearts.
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